汤沐海 艺术总监






世界著名指挥家。中国海外高层次人才引进计划(简称“千人计划”)获得者。


生于上海,曾在上海音乐学院学习作曲和指挥,师从桑桐、陈铭志、黄晓同、马革顺等教授。后赴德国慕尼黑高等音乐学院大师班深造,师从米歇尔·赫尔曼教授。1983年受世界著名指挥大师赫伯特·冯·卡拉扬先生邀请指挥柏林爱乐乐团,之后跟随他在柏林学习两年。在柏林的成功演出为他驰骋世界乐坛奠定了基础。除与柏林爱乐乐团继续合作外,还指挥了许多世界著名乐团,如伦敦爱乐乐团、英国BBC广播交响乐团、巴黎管弦乐团、法国国家交响乐团、莱比锡格万特豪斯乐团、德雷斯顿国立交响乐团、圣彼得堡爱乐乐团、旧金山交响乐团和以色列爱乐乐团等。


八十年代末期起先后任比利时皇家弗兰德斯爱乐乐团、澳大利亚昆士兰交响乐团、里斯本古本江交响乐团、芬兰国家歌剧院、瑞士苏黎世室内乐团、贝尔格莱德爱乐乐团、布拉格交响乐团的音乐总监、首席指挥并率团开展世界巡演,足迹遍及欧洲及美洲。作为客席指挥,他曾与欧美及亚洲数百个著名交响乐团和室内乐团成功合作演出。其中包括德国汉堡、柏林、科隆、法兰克福、斯图加特及慕尼黑的广播乐团,美国费城、华盛顿、辛辛那提及休斯顿交响乐团,加拿大蒙特利尔及温哥华交响乐团,哥伦比亚波哥大爱乐乐团,南非开普敦爱乐乐团,澳大利亚悉尼及墨尔本交响乐团,日本NHK及东京都交响乐团,韩国KBS管弦乐团,新加坡交响乐团、马来西亚爱乐乐团以及苏黎士音乐厅管弦乐团、罗马圣·桑塔切奇利亚乐团、华沙爱乐乐团、鹿特丹爱乐乐团、苏格兰国立管弦乐团、瑞典国家广播交响乐团、赫尔辛基、斯德哥尔摩和奥斯陆爱乐乐团等。


汤沐海出生于艺术世家,其父亲是著名的电影导演汤晓丹先生。他从小受各种艺术的熏陶,特别对歌剧情有独钟。曾指挥德国柏林、汉堡、艾森及莱茵国家歌剧院,瑞典斯德哥尔摩皇家歌剧院等。成功地演出过《叶甫根尼·奥涅金》、《圣女贞德》、《费加罗的婚礼》、《唐璜》、《温莎的风流娘们》、《卡门》、《蝴蝶夫人》、《图兰多》、《托斯卡》、《茶花女》、《特里斯坦与伊索尔德》、《漂泊的荷兰人》、《汉斯·海林》、《费德里奥》、《玫瑰骑士》、《没有影子的女人》、《鲍里斯·戈都诺夫》等经典歌剧。本世纪初作为在欧洲国家级歌剧院担任首席指挥的第一位华人指挥家,他还向观众介绍了众多中国作曲家的歌剧作品。他成功地指挥了中国作曲家瞿小松的歌剧《命若琴弦》在布鲁塞尔国际艺术节上的首演,并在巴黎之秋艺术节、爱丁堡艺术节、慕尼黑现代艺术节进行巡演。他成功地指挥了谭盾的歌剧《门》在欧洲的首演,2007年又指挥谭盾的歌剧《茶》在瑞典斯德哥尔摩现代音乐节上演出。近年来,他率天津大剧院在一年的时间内集中上演了8部中外经典歌剧并启航了11套贝多芬及马勒全套交响乐系列音乐会在天津上演。他携手周小燕歌剧中心,执棒上海爱乐乐团进行了中国原创歌剧《一江春水》的世界首演,并作为第十六届上海国际艺术节的开幕演出亮相。


汤沐海曾应邀参加欧洲许多重要的艺术节,如柏林艺术节、爱丁堡艺术节、布拉格之春音乐节、维罗那歌剧节、弗兰德斯音乐节以及挪威格里格音乐节等。许多著名的音乐家与他有过成功合作,如梅纽因勋爵、奥依斯特拉赫、罗斯特罗波维奇、朗帕尔、帕尔曼、阿格里奇、佳克米尼骑士、琼斯夫人穆特及文格洛夫等。


汤沐海在繁忙的国际指挥活动的同时,一直关心祖国音乐的发展和建设。自1983年起担任中央乐团常任指挥,后任中国交响乐团艺术总监兼首席指挥,现任中国交响乐团桂冠指挥。他曾任中央音乐学院荣誉客座教授,上海音乐学院指挥系主任、教授,上海音乐厅艺术总监,浙江交响乐团音乐总监、河南交响乐团音乐总监。他参与创建了“音乐小天使”优才培育计划,他多次率中国青年交响乐团、中国少年交响乐团、上海青年交响乐团赴欧洲巡演,并率领德国班贝克交响乐团、澳洲昆士兰交响乐团、葡萄牙古本江乐团、中德青年联合管弦乐团在中国访问演出。他曾指挥德国莱茵歌剧院和上海大剧院联合制作的瓦格纳歌剧《漂泊的荷兰人》在中国的首演并作为上海大剧院落成后首次公开演出并大获成功。2009年他率领瑞士苏黎世室内乐团和男童合唱团到中国演唱海顿的《创世纪》,获得了巨大的成功和高度的评价。


2015年7月,汤沐海受邀前往意大利米兰斯卡拉歌剧院,在剧院演出季闭幕剧目罗西尼歌剧《奥赛罗》中担任指挥,这是古老的斯卡拉歌剧院成立237年以来首次邀请中国指挥家指挥歌剧,此次首秀在中国乃至世界音乐史上具有非凡的意义。


近年来,汤沐海专注于现代歌剧在中国的上演,其中包括巴托克的《蓝胡子城堡》、斯特拉文斯基的《俄狄浦斯王》、布里顿的《旋螺丝》和德彪西的《佩利亚斯与梅丽桑德》在中国的首演。


汤沐海指挥欧洲众多乐团录制出版的唱片由包括DG和Teldec在内的多家唱片公司在全球发行。2002年,他指挥古本江乐团与沙隆·伊斯宾合作录制的谭盾和克里斯托弗·罗塞的吉他协奏曲唱片荣获第44届格莱美最佳古典现代作品奖和欧洲的“古典·音响”大奖。2014年由汤沐海指挥,著名女中音歌唱家塞西莉娅·巴托丽主唱,瑞士苏黎世歌剧院制作的现场版罗西尼的歌剧《奥赛罗》、《奥利伯爵》由DECCA唱片公司全球发行。2015年,指挥伦敦交响乐团与钢琴家Claudia YANG合作录制了《红楼梦》钢琴协奏曲。


2009年至今他担任上海爱乐乐团艺术总监,2012年起受天津市委市政府邀请组建天津歌剧院并担任艺术总监、首席指挥。

 

 

Muhai Tang


Muhai Tang, world renowned conductor & winner of The Recruitment Program of Global Experts

 

Muhai Tang was born in Shanghai as the son of a film director and studied at the Conservatory in his native city as well as the University of Music and the Performing Arts in Munich, where he completed his studies with a 《Meisterklasse》-diploma in composition and conducting. In 1983 he was invited by Herbert von Karajan to conduct a subscription concert given by the Berlin Philharmonic. Further engagements with this prestigious orchestra were to follow, as well as guest conducting assignments with other internationally renowned orchestras such as the Staatskapelle Dresden, the Gewandhaus Orchestra Leipzig, the Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra, the London Philharmonic Orchestra, the Orchestre de Paris and the Orchestre National de France, the San Francisco Symphony Orchestra and the Sydney Symphony Orchestra. In 1987 Muhai Tang was appointed Artistic Director of the Gulbenkian Orchestra in Lisbon. During his twelve-year tenure the orchestra’s reputation grew considerably thanks to a series of international tours and CD recordings. Further stages in his career include the Queensland Symphony Orchestra in Brisbane where he was Chief Conductor for more than ten years and which appointed Muhai Tang Honorary Conductor and Artistic Adviser at the beginning of the 2005/06 season, the Royal Philharmonic Orchestra of Flanders where he was Principal Conductor between 1991 and 1995, the China National Symphony Orchestra, and the Finnish National Opera in Helsinki, of whose orchestra Muhai Tang was Chief Conductor between 2002 and 2006.

 

As Principal Conductor of the Finnish National Opera, Muhai Tang conducted a broad repertoire of operas and ballets: besides acclaimed new productions of Turandot (Puccini),Der Rosenkavalier and Die Frau ohne Schatten (R. Strauss), Pique Dame and Swan Lake (Tchaikovsky), he conducted performances of Madame Butterfly, Tosca and La Rondine (Puccini), Boris Godunov (Mussorgsky), La Traviata and Otello (Verdi), The Marriage of Figaro (Mozart), Le Sacre du printemps (Stravinsky) and The Barber of Seville (Rossini). Muhai Tang’s concert performances range from music of the Baroque period to the Classical and Romantic repertoire, right up to works by contemporary composers; he also regularly performs the works of Asian composers. As Principal Conductor and Artistic Director of the Zurich Chamber Orchestra, Muhai Tang will also develop a repertoire of works for smaller orchestra, a genre that has long been close to his heart.

 

Besides regular conducting assignments in Peking and Shanghai, in recent seasons Muhai Tang has conducted concerts by the St. Petersburg Philharmonic Orchestra, the major Tokyo Orchestras, the Singapore and Malaysia Symphony Orchestras, the Stuttgart, Dresden and Warsaw Philharmonic Orchestras and the Orchestre National de Lille, and was a guest conductor at music festivals in Berlin, Paris, Prague, Edinburgh, Verona, Turku and Bergen. At the Young Euro Classics youth orchestra festivals held in Berlin since 2004, Muhai Tang conducted the Symphony Orchestra of the Shanghai Conservatory – where he himself studied and worked as director of the conducting department.

 

In July, 2015, Muhai Tang was invited to conduct Rossini’s opera Othello at Teatro alla Scala in Milan for their Season's Closing Concert. It is the first time that the historic theater invited a Chinese conductor to perform opera over the past 237 years. This debut was extraordinary in China and even in the music history of the world.

 

Renowned soloists with whom Muhai Tang has worked in the past include Sir Yehudi Menuhin,David Feodorovich Oistrakh, Mstislav Rostropovich, Jean-Pierre Rampal Itzhak Perlman, Martha Argerich Giudeppe Giacomini,Dame Gwyneth Jones and Anne-Sophie Mutter to name just a few.

 

Muhai Tang’s CD recordings include Bruckner’s Symphony No. 7 and Mahler’s Symphony No. 3 with the Queensland Orchestra, Haydn cello concertos with Jiang Wang and the Gulbenkian Orchestra, Orff’s Carmina burana with the Royal Philharmonic Orchestra of Flanders, and the album Black Earth, featuring compositions by the Turkish pianist Fazil Say. In 2002 his recording of guitar concertos by Christopher Rouse and Tan Dun, performed by the Gulbenkian Orchestra and the soloist Sharon Isbin, won a Grammy award. In 2014,Decca published tow DVDS of Zurich Opera’s productions Rossini’s Le Comte Ory and Ottelo conducted by him, performance by Cecilia Bartoli. In 2015, he recorded piano concerto The Red Mansion by conducting London Symphony Orchestra.

 

In recent years, Muhai Tang devoted himself to performing modern operas including Bartok’s Bluebeard’s Castle, Stravinsky’s Oedipus, Britten’s Turn of the Screw and Debussy’s Pelleas et Melisande in China.

 

Since 2009,Muhai Tang has served as Artistic Director of the Shanghai Philharmonic Orchestra. In 2012,he was invited by the Tianjin municipal government to establish the Tianjin Opera and hold the position of its Artistic Director.